Submitted by Capitol Land Trust
Capitol Land Trust (CLT) is pleased to announce the conservation of Skookumchuck Forest Preserve. The preserve was named for its beautiful stream-side vegetation along the Skookumchuck River. The property was purchased from Green Diamond Resource Company, with assistance from Office of Chehalis Basin, Forterra and WA Recreation & Conservation Office, and is adjacent to CLT’s Mueller Conservation Easement, conserved in 2020. Combined, these properties conserve substantial shoreline along the river, allowing for extensive restoration work.
“This 28-acre property, although small by itself, is adjacent to our 74-acre Mueller Conservation Easement, which combined conserves almost 1.5 miles of critical salmon habitat in the Skookumchuck River,” said CLT’s Conservation Director Laurence Reeves. “Between the intact riparian forest on the Skookumchuck Forest Preserve and the restoration work on the Mueller easement shoreline, this will one day be almost three miles of highly functional riparian habitat, benefiting both aquatic and terrestrial species alike.”
The Skookumchuck River shoreline and upland forest of these two properties provide important habitat for spring and fall Chinook salmon, coho salmon, winter steelhead, and a myriad of other species. Led by the Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife and Thurston Conservation District, restoration is underway along the riverbanks and in the river itself. Thousands of native plants have been added along the riverbanks and logjams have been added in the river to help rebuild a complex ecosystem. In-stream structures like logjams provide hiding and resting places for young fish and other aquatic species, which helps them fulfill their role in the ecosystem.
Celina Abercrombie is the Chehalis Basin Strategy Manager for Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife, a key partner in the project. “With the Skookumchuck Dam upstream of the project area, there are few opportunities for natural recruitment of large wood in this section of the river, which is an important element of a healthy ecosystem,” Abercrombie explained. “Through the conservation of the river corridor, construction of engineered logjams, and installation of thousands of native riparian and upland plantings, the project supports a healthy stretch of river that will persist for generations. This project would not be a reality without the strong partnerships cultivated between Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Capitol Land Trust, Thurston Conservation District, and private landowners who each played a role in taking the first step towards revitalizing this important place.”
Conservation strategies are often developed in the context of watersheds. A watershed is an area of land that contains a common set of streams and rivers that all drain into a larger water body. The largest watersheds are called basins. Skookumchuck Forest Preserve and the Mueller Conservation Easement are part of the Chehalis Basin. The Chehalis Basin is the second largest watershed in Washington state. The Skookumchuck River makes up a southern portion of the Chehalis Basin and flows into the Chehalis River near Centralia. The Chehalis River eventually empties into Grays Harbor on the Pacific Coast.
The Chehalis Basin has been home to the People of the Sands, now the Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation, since time immemorial. According to the Chehalis Tribe, two large groups of Salish-speaking people historically lived along the Chehalis River and gathered roots, berries, fish, and elk from the surrounding area. Many years after European settlement, land use in this watershed is mainly agriculture and forestry.
Although this basin is one of the only remaining river basins in Washington state where salmon species are not listed as threatened or endangered, it faces significant challenges. Major flooding events and the rapid depletion of aquatic species habitat threaten the basin’s economic and ecologic value to the state and region. In response to these issues, the state legislature created the Office of Chehalis Basin (OCB) and established the Chehalis Basin Board to provide long-term oversight of the strategy. The Board has representatives from the Quinault Indian Nation, the Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation, and the Chehalis River Basin Flood Authority, in addition to agricultural, environmental, and economic interests.
The OCB implements a science-based plan called the Chehalis Basin Strategy. This strategy is a list of potential actions to address extreme flooding and degraded habitat within the Chehalis Basin. A key part of the strategy is the Aquatic Species Restoration Plan, which is designed to restore aquatic species habitat and enhance local economies. The conservation and restoration of Skookumchuck Forest Preserve and the adjacent Mueller Conservation Easement are just one part of this larger strategy to improve the health of the Chehalis Basin.
For more information, visit the Capitol Land Trust website.